Butterflies in Mind -- Zinnia
Susan C. Dunlap
A collection of 50 images as if seen from a butterfly’s point of view. Includes the names of native Zinnia species and the most complete list of US butterflies that will feed on Zinnia blossoms.
Butterflies in Mind -- Asclepias
Susan C. Dunlap
“Milkweed is the single most important plant for Monarch butterflies. This lavishly illustrated book contains details about the structure and cultivation of native Milkweeds, information about the 139 nectar-feeding butterflies they...
Butterflies in Mind -- Monarch
Susan C. Dunlap
This abundantly illustrated volume enables you to select from a complete list of well described perennial nectar plants that are known to attract & feed Monarch butterflies. Over 40 genera are described that are suitable to be grown...
Butterflies in Mind -- Perennials
Susan C. Dunlap
Butterflies in Mind - Perennials. This book is a definitive guide to perennial nectar plants preferred by US butterflies. It empowers you to feed, attract, support (and help identify) nectar-feeding butterflies that reside in the US....

Lycaena hermes, Hermes Copper.

Shown here is a PD public domain image of Lycaena hermes, Hermes Copper. This photograph was taken by an employee of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Michael W. Klein Sr., in 1899.

Initially the range of Lycaena hermes covered most of California, but much habitat has been lost to development or natural disasters. The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service ECOS site indicates that this butterfly is a candidate for inclusion in the federal conservation register. Its range is now confined to San Diego County and parts of northern Mexico.

If you reside near San Diego County you may be able to help the Hermes Copper butterfly specie by planting the host plant Rhamnus crocea and any number of Eriogonum nectar plants. USDA data show that Eriogonum are native to most of the United States except a swath of states in the north east. We have several California native Eriogonum in our database. Some of these Eriogonum are also native to Oregon, Utah, Nevada, Colorado, Arizona, and Texas. Three of them are shrubs - arborescens, crocatum, and giganteum. The remainder are perennials - fasciculatum, grande, latifolium, nudum, parishii, parvifolium, umbellatum var. polyanthum, and wrighti.

The host plant for Lycaena hermes is Rhamnus crocea, Redberry or Buckthorn, in the Rhamnacea family. This plant, native to both California and Arizona, is in cultivation. It as a medium-large drought tolerant evergreen shrub that grows to a height of 5-10 feet in sun or part shade. Birds will also come to the plant to feed on the fruit.

CC Creative commons and PD public domain images of Rhamnus crocea and a yellow-flowring Eriogonum are shown here as well.