Zinnia
Butterflies in Mind -- Zinnia
Susan C. Dunlap
A collection of 50 images as if seen from a butterfly’s point of view. Includes the names of native Zinnia species and the most complete list of US butterflies that will feed on Zinnia blossoms.
Asclepias
Butterflies in Mind -- Asclepias
Susan C. Dunlap
“Milkweed is the single most important plant for Monarch butterflies. This lavishly illustrated book contains details about the structure and cultivation of native Milkweeds, information about the 139 nectar-feeding butterflies they...
Monarch
Butterflies in Mind -- Monarch
Susan C. Dunlap
This abundantly illustrated volume enables you to select from a complete list of well described perennial nectar plants that are known to attract & feed Monarch butterflies. Over 40 genera are described that are suitable to be grown...
Perennials
Butterflies in Mind -- Perennials
Susan C. Dunlap
Butterflies in Mind - Perennials. This book is a definitive guide to perennial nectar plants preferred by US butterflies. It empowers you to feed, attract, support (and help identify) nectar-feeding butterflies that reside in the US....

Barbarea vulgaris

Family: Cruciferae

Native to: Europe

Plant

Types: biennial, perennial

Forms: clumping, erect

Max height: 3.3 feet

Max width: 2 feet

Flower

yellow

Leaf

green

Horticulture

Attracts wildlife: adult butterfly, bee, specific butterfly species

Plant features: invasive, weedy

Edible: vegetable

Exposure: part shade, sun

Landscape use: container

Weedy

Invasive

Propagates by: seed

flowers in spring

flowers in summer

Soil type: wide range

USDA Zones: zone 4 -30 f, zone 5 to -20 f, zone 6 to -10 f, zone 7 to 0 f, zone 8 to +10 f, zone 9 to +20 f

Temp. range: -30 to +30 °F

Water: dry, moderate

  • Barbarea vulgaris 2
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  • Barbarea vulgaris 76
  • Barbarea vulgaris

There are 29 species of Barbarea. It is a member of the Brassicaceae family and is commonly called WINTER CRESS.

Barbarea vulgaris is cultivated and easily grown from seed in Zones 4-9. This plant is edible either raw or cooked. It grows to nearly 3 ½ feet tall in dry to moderate watering conditions, and blooms in spring and summer. It can be grown in a container - an 18-24" or larger container is advised as the plant is rather tall. This plant may prove to be a wildlife magnet to your garden, but be careful, as it can be weedy and is on invasive plant lists in some states. The good news is that it is wildly attractive to bees and the seeds are not air-born.

Barbarea appeals to Phyciodes tharos, Pearl Crescent, and Erynnis icelus, Dreamy Duskywing. Both of these butterflies have a broad range.

Erynnis icelus dreamy duskywing   2 3
Phyciodes tharos 2
Container plants that attract adult butterflies - perennial

This plant is one of 186 perennials suitable to grow in a container that will attract adult butterflies. 38 of these plants attract birds and 67 attract specific butterfly species. They can be found in every height range – from tiny to large – from less than a foot high to over 10 feet tall. 19 of these plants are drought tolerant, more than 80 are available for dry or moderate watering conditions. 29 are deciduous, while 71 are evergreen. Some can grow in Zone 2, while the others grow in Zones 3-11. 178 perennial plants that attract butterflies and can be grown in containers in Zone 9. 77 can be used as cut flowers. They come in any one of the available flower colors.

We have found that, when given a choice, butterflies and bees frequent named species more often than cultivars. You may want to keep this in mind when you select plants for your garden if your goal is to attract and support these insects.

You are free to use any of the above filters to reduce the plant list further.